Actin

C0001271

SYNONYMS

Actin, Actina, Actina-alfa, Actina-beta, Actina-gama, Actina-gamma, Actinas, Actine, Actines, Actins, Aktiinit, AKTIN, Aktiner, AKTINI, aktiny, Aktyny, F-Actina, F-AKTIN, F-アクチン, F-АКТИН, G-Actina, G-AKTIN, G-アクチン, G-АКТИН, アクチン, АКТИНЫ,

DEFINITIONS

Filamentous proteins that are the main constituent of the thin filaments of muscle fibers. The filaments (known also as filamentous or F-actin) can be dissociated into their globular subunits; each subunit is composed of a single polypeptide 375 amino acids long. This is known as globular or G-actin. In conjunction with MYOSINS, actin is responsible for the contraction and relaxation of muscle.
MSH

globular subunit of microfilaments, whose ATP-dependent polymerization and movement underlies many dynamic cellular phenomena in addition to muscle contraction; actin is one of the most abundant proteins in eukaryotic cells.
CSP

A globular subunit of microfilaments, highly conserved Actin is one of the most abundant proteins in eukaryotic cells. Monomeric actin, a slow ATPase composed of a 375 amino acid polypeptide chain, interacts with one molecule of ATP or ADP and contains high affinity and low affinity binding sites for divalent cations. Actin can quickly assemble into long microfilament polymers. In conjunction with myosin, actin is responsible for the contraction and relaxation of muscle.
NCI

View more…